French    German    Spain    Italian    Arabic    Chinese Simplified    Russian

Western Civilisation

Join Gab (@StFerdinandIII) Western Civilisation was and is superior to anything Islam has developed.  Islam has not aided in the development of the modern world; in fact civilisation has only been created in spite of Islam.  Raising the alarm about the fascism called Submission since 2000.  

Back     Printer Friendly Version  

Thursday, June 5, 2014

Bookmark and Share

A supposed Dark Age gave us the Magna Carta and the Provisions of Oxford

Or, Constitutional-Monarchical government, necessary to build the modern world.

by Ferdinand III





There are many reasons why England and her British imperial domain, went on to rule the waves and the world. One important factor was the separation of monarchical power, from despotic governance. The idea of a Constitutional monarchy, a division of political and legislative powers, and adherence to a common set of legal norms; was developed only in Medieval England. It began at Runnymede in 1215 with the signing of the Magna Carta [see document here] and was solidified by the now little-known Simon de Montfort [biography] in 1264. Montfort is indeed the originator of the English Parliamentary system.



In the early 13th century King John the despotic English King, presided over a state shorn of financial and economic vitality. John was not only a bad administrator he was a poor warrior. His English realm had already descended into near bankruptcy after it was pillaged to pay the ransom for the Lionheart who had found himself in an Austrian jail. Ruinous wars in France, financed by yet more taxation plunged the economy into tatters. Capital had been deployed from productive private-enterprise to the unproductive public-sector, wasted on wars in France that were poorly fought; and even worse-led.



By 1215 the English Barons were impoverished and sick of John. A nascent revolt forced the English King to sign a limitation on his power, including his right to tax in 1215. The Magna Carta or Great Charter, also created a 'commons body', or an early form of Parliament to manage the King and his finances. John signed the deal and then promptly raised an army to crush the Barons. Thankfully he was defeated. The Great Charter was reissued in 1217 and again in 1225 [history of the Great Charter]. It became the writ of the land and the basis for de Montfort's innovation.

De Montfort was a powerful Baron who became the first English aristocrat to seize power and rule in the name of the King.  Henry of Bolingbroke [link] in the late 14th century would be the second. De Montfort came to view the monarchy and its King Henry III in particular, as unsuited for the governance of a complex and modernizing state. In 1258 De Montfort and other English Barons foisted upon Henry a Constitution, named the 'Provisions of Oxford', which followed from the Great Charter and further eroded monarchical privilege and the ability to raise money and issue laws without the consent of the govern [see here].



Henry, who had gone bankrupt whilst waging wars in France and Sicily for no apparent purpose or identifiable objective, was of course less than pleased with his fetters. The inevitable civil war followed and De Montfort defeated Henry, taking his son captive at the Battle of Lewes in 1264. The Provisions of Oxford clearly identify a Constitutional limit to monarchical power, as well as the establishment of a House of Commons. The basis for future English ascendancy was thus laid.



The propaganda from Marxists and Church-haters is that during the Middle Ages all was dark, black, toothless, wicked, superstitious, dull, illiterate, unscientific, backwards, decayed, crippled and ignorant. Such descriptors might be better applied to the modern age. The Medieval period saw the rise of science, math, agricultural and industrial revolutions, and synthesized philosophy. Trade, invention, methods of power, transport, improved tools, war-making capability, the rise of universities, shipping and vastly elevated living standards, highlight the Middle Ages as an era of change and true progress. Part of this development was the separation of political and legal powers; and the legitimate constraint of monarchical despotism. Without parliament, or a system of political-representation to neuter totalitarianism, the modern world would not exist. The Middle Ages were the only period in history to effect this momentous improvement.  


Article Comments:

Related Articles:

Medieval/Early Modern Christianity


10/27/2021:  The Fall of Rome and the Invasions of the Musulmans

9/27/2021:  Henri Pirenne: Mohammed and Charlemagne. Rome never 'Fell'. It was replaced.

8/30/2021:  Henry More and Richard the Lionheart. Two opposite ends of the Christian spectrum.

8/9/2021:  The Catholic Enlightenment, Ulrich L. Lehner. Nicholas Bergier, defender of the Church.

8/3/2021:  The Unenlightened Enlightenment: an age of Unreason

7/15/2021:  The Catholic Enlightenment, Ulrich L. Lehner. From the 16th century to Pope Francis.

7/9/2021:  The Catholic Enlightenment, by Ulrich L. Lehner

5/27/2021:  The myth of the 'Dark Ages'

4/11/2021:  The Age of the Ineffably Uncivilised. The Enlightenment as ‘EnDarkenment’.

3/29/2021:  The Clock and the Camshaft, J. W. Farrell

3/9/2021:  ‘Reformation Myths’, #3 by Rodney Stark. More science in Medieval Universities than in the modern.

3/5/2021:  ‘Reformation Myths’, #2 by Rodney Stark

3/4/2021:  ‘Reformation Myths’, by Rodney Stark

11/20/2020:  The Light Ages: A Medieval Journey of Discovery, by Seb Falk. Science and sphericity.

11/14/2020:  Medieval Medicine and science. No, Moslems did not invent medicine. Christians did.

11/11/2020:  The Light Ages: A Medieval Journey of Discovery, by Seb Falk

10/11/2020:  Michael Wood's 'In Search of The Dark Ages'. Plenty of light, the basis of civilisation

8/15/2020:  Belloc and the eternal threat of the Muhammandan death cult

6/1/2016:  Constantine, Clovis and Christianity

5/3/2016:  Middle Ages: Wonders in art, architecture, technology and yes science and math

5/3/2016:  From steel manufacturing to stained glass, the ages of the Middle Ages were full of energy.

4/28/2016:  History of the Catholic Church from the Renaissance to the French Revolution - James MacCaffrey

4/20/2016:  Morris Bishop and Medieval Europe; remove Islam and society begins to flourish

3/8/2016:  'The Reformation' is more accurately called 'The Deformation'

2/13/2016:  The Incorrupted bodies of Saints - a long list of miracles that 'science' cannot explain

1/7/2016:  The modern cult of science versus reason and faith

1/3/2016:  Aquinas, Aristotle and Mad Muhammad

12/25/2015:  The birth of Christ is NOT based on the pagan festival of the Invincible Sun

12/3/2015:  Faith and science are handmaidens not opponents

11/6/2015:  Medieval Lives by Alan Ereira, Terry Jones

11/6/2015:  “Medieval Lives” by Alan Ereira, Terry Jones and the 'other side' of the Monkish orders

10/31/2015:  In praise of the Monks, the creators of modern Europe

10/24/2015:  From Augustine to Anselm, logic and faith working together

10/17/2015:  Medieval Ontology, logic and Anselm

9/26/2015:  Medieval Faith married to reason created the modern world.

9/19/2015:  Machiavelli, another product of the insane, the illiterate, the savage

9/19/2015:  The Greatest Queen in European history - Queen Isabella.

8/30/2015:  Feudalism, pilloried and slandered without context

8/22/2015:  Frederick II, the Atheist monster of the 13th century

7/29/2015:  Parthia and the destruction of Byzantium

6/29/2015:  Pierre Duhem, the Galileo myth, and historical revisionism.

6/25/2015:  Pope Sylvester II, another Great Pope, unlike the current version.

6/23/2015:  Pope Gregory the Great and saving civilisation

6/22/2015:  Pope Gregory the Great - an inspiration to civilization.

5/22/2015:  Godefroid and Medieval astronomy. Quite modern indeed.

5/11/2015:  Saving Civilization - the 'Faith'.

5/6/2015:  Belloc and the civilizational influence of the Catholic Church

4/10/2015:  Another Moslem-Enlightenment lie; 'Christians never bathed'.....

4/6/2015:  Pierre Duham and the importance of Middle Age Science.

4/2/2015:  Modern science arose only in Christian Europe.

3/9/2015:  Philoponus, the Astrolabe and Galileo

2/6/2015:  Only in Christian Europe were schools and the university system created.

2/4/2015:  Christian genius in Mathematics. Moslems invented precious little, Christianity a treasure trove.

2/2/2015:  Christians discovered and confirmed Heliocentricity. No other culture came close to that.

1/31/2015:  The myth and nonsense of the 'Enlightenment'. Pure Atheist and Marxist propaganda.

1/24/2015:  Pointed Arches, Ribbed Vaults, Flying Buttresses and Christian Genius

11/23/2014:  Aristotle and the Church – a complex relationship.

11/21/2014:  From Epicurus to Galileo, atomism and materialism.

11/20/2014:  "The Catholic Church and Science" by Benjamin Wiker

11/16/2014:  St. Thomas Aquinas, reason, faith and Aristotle.

8/26/2014:  Brunelleschi's amazing Dome of the early 15th century

8/24/2014:  Byzantium: A Christian and cultural Colossus

8/21/2014:  Byzantium: The forgotten influence on Western Civilization

8/21/2014:  Byzantium and its legacy of legal processes

8/19/2014:  Anglo Saxon art the lie of a 'dark age'

8/18/2014:  The Lindisfarne Gospels and civilized art

7/29/2014:  Anselm of Canterbury and the Scholastic method

7/21/2014:  Lies about Medieval Medicine

7/15/2014:  Post modern ignorance of the Medieval World 900-1300

7/9/2014:  Only a complex and wealthy society can build a Trebuchet

7/8/2014:  Medieval bathing - a legacy from Rome - and quite common

7/7/2014:  Medieval literature puts a lie to myth of a dark age

6/29/2014:  Flat earthers are more likely to be Evolutionists and Cult of Warm devotees than Christian...

6/27/2014:  Atheists are so desperate, that quacks such as Bruno are now 'scientists'

6/26/2014:  The myth of Bruno, the 'scientist' fighting against superstition and darkness.....

6/12/2014:  Medieval Christianity and the genesis of plurality and debate

6/9/2014:  Melisende and the importance of Queen's and women in Medieval history

6/5/2014:  A supposed Dark Age gave us the Magna Carta and the Provisions of Oxford

6/3/2014:  Medieval Chess reflects much about Medieval society

6/2/2014:  Skis and skates - another Medieval Christian creation

5/31/2014:  Could you create an illuminated manuscript ?

5/30/2014:  Overview of Medieval Manuscripts - where are the Moslem manuscripts and works of art ?

5/30/2014:  The labour and brilliance of Medieval Manuscripts

5/28/2014:  Book printing and binding - another Medieval innovation of the first order

5/23/2014:  Moerbeeke, translations and the medieval genius to adapt and learn

5/21/2014:  Guns, canons, explosives - another Medieval Christian invention

5/14/2014:  The most important Medieval invention – modern capitalism

5/13/2014:  51 out of the 52 most important 16th and 17th century scientists were Christian

5/13/2014:  A list of scientists in the 16th and 17th centuries

5/11/2014:  The bicycle, the engineering and science of the Middle Ages developed this mode of transport

5/9/2014:  Carracks, another Medieval European-only invention

5/3/2014:  Accounting, another Medieval Invention, generated by Capitalism

5/3/2014:  Buttons and Medieval Capitalism

5/1/2014:  How the West Won: The Neglected Story of the Triumph of Modernity by Rodney Stark

5/1/2014:  Blast Furnaces were developed independently in Medieval Europe

4/26/2014:  Chiara Frugoni and Medieval Inventions

4/25/2014:  Partial list of Medieval inventions

4/23/2014:  The Victory of Reason: How Christianity Led to Freedom, Capitalism, + Western Success - Rodney Stark

4/21/2014:  Medieval inventions around modern grooming and shaving

4/21/2014:  Medieval invention: Artesian wells and understanding water hydrology

4/19/2014:  Technological genius; the Medieval invention of the Wind Mill

4/16/2014:  Eye-Glasses, another Medieval invention based on math and science

4/16/2014:  The chimney - another important Medieval European invention

4/14/2014:  Horses and Iron industrialization

4/12/2014:  The mighty Wheelbarrow - another Medieval invention

4/12/2014:  The modern clock - another Medieval Invention

4/8/2014:  The High Middles and the beginnings of modern science

4/7/2014:  The Middle Ages and Public Schools, funded by the Church

4/4/2014:  A very brief summary of Medieval Christian genius 1100 – 1300

3/31/2014:  John Freely: 'Before Galileo', Kuhn and the real history of real science.

3/29/2014:  The real flat earthers - modern Atheists and Secularists

3/27/2014:  The Galileo myth and the Humanist invention of conflict

3/19/2014:  Why does the earth rotate ? Science has made precious little progress since 1350

3/19/2014:  A brief list of some Medieval inventions

3/12/2014:  Christian scientists and thinkers in the Middle Ages

3/10/2014:  God's Philosophers by James Hannam - the true record of Medieval Science

3/6/2014:  St. Thomas Aquinas on the Meccan Moon Cult

2/25/2014:  The Inquisition and its myths

2/14/2014:  The magnificence of the Middle Ages - nothing like it in Islamic history

2/3/2014:  Without Christianity there is no modern world

10/20/2012:  Medieval innovations in transport and war - some examples.

10/21/2011:  'Religion and the Rise of Western Culture' – Christopher Dawson [Kindle Edition]

10/22/2010:  Rodney Stark, 'For the Glory of God'

9/23/2010:  Anti-Semiticism is a Muslim import.

7/10/2010:  Medieval Civilization: Venetian rise and decline.

6/10/2010:  Imperial Spain – lessons in despotism, poverty and ignorance.

6/5/2010:  Review, 'Medieval Civilization 400-1500' by Jacques Le Goff.

5/27/2010:  Book Review, 'The Civilization of the Middle Ages', by Norman Cantor, 1993.

5/18/2010:  Slandering Medieval Christianity while applauding Muslim Paganism.

4/28/2010:  Book Review; Thomas Cahill, 'Mysteries of the Middle Ages', 317 pages.

4/26/2010:  Slandering Christian Europe: 'The Dark Ages'

3/23/2010:  Creating the modern world. The blessings of medieval Europe.